Campbell, Carl C.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of History and Archaeology
Education in the Caribbean, 1930- 1990
Brereton, Bridget; Martinez- Vergne, Teresita; Romer, Rene A.; Silvestrini, Blanca G.
General history of the Caribbean
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The author shows in this chapter that a strong input of 'American' education was made in the education systems of Cuba, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico in the first thirty years of the twentieth century, but that this 'Americanization' was resisted and checked by Creole influence. This did not mean the end of the spread of United States influence in Caribbean education; if not imposed by the military, it has been negotiated in aid agreements, or voluntarily adopted by Caribbean leaders who studied in the United States or simply admired American civilization. Education in the twentieth century has worked relentlessly in the direction of the Europeanization or Americanization of the Caribbean societies, and their separation culturally from ancestral roots in Africa or Asia, although nobody would seriously propose that the Caribbean populations with black majorities learn African languages, although a higher percentage of Blacks live there than in South Africa. Apart from the extraordinary Cuban experience, the most revolutionary development in Caribbean education from 1930 to 1990 has been the tremendous growth of the education industries. In this way the Caribbean joined the Western world in one of the most remarkable movements of the twentieth century, the institutionalization of education for the masses.....