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Publication Type
Conference Proceedings
UWI Author(s)
Author, Analytic
Henningham, Helen
Author Role
Presenter
Author Affiliation
Department of Educational Studies
Paper/Section Title
Integrating early childhood stimulation into existing nutrition and health services in Jamaica
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In
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Proceedings Title
Mini-symposium on Nutrition and the Brain
Date of Meeting
September 16-19, 2002
Place of Meeting
England
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Abstract
The objective of this study is to integrate psychosocial stimulation into existing nutrition and health services for undernourished children in Jamaica and to determine the effect on the children's growth and development and on the mother's child-rearing knowledge and practices and frequency of depressive symptoms. The study was a randomized controlled trial in which 18 government health centres in the parishes of Kingston, St. Andrew and St. Catherine were randomly assigned to an intervention or control group. 139 undernourished children (WAZ< -1.5z scores) aged 9 to 30 months were recruited into the study from the centres. At the beginning and end of the study all children had their development assessed on the Griffiths developmental scales, and their weight and length measured. Also the mother's child-rearing knowledge, practices and frequency of depressive symptoms were assessed with a questionnaire and scores calculated. The study concluded that integrating psychosocial stimulation into primary care services was both feasible and effective and improved undernourished children's development sustainability (0.93 of a standard deviation for DQ). Intervention improved all subscales except motor development. Mothers' parenting knowledge and practices and frequency of depressive symptoms also improved.....
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