Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Educational Studies
Situated attainment: Measuring under achievement in Jamaica
Bastick, Tony; Ezenne, Austin
Teaching Caribbean students: Research on social issues in the Caribbean and abroad
Place of Publication
Department of Educational Studies, UWI
Date of Publication
Series Editor Role
Series Volume Identification
Series Issue Identification
Under-achievement, particularly among Caribbean male students, is a current concern for teachers throughout the Caribbean and abroad. This chapter operationally defines 'under-achievement' so as to distinguish it from low ability. This allows under-achievement to be identified and measured, even in high performing students. It allows social, personal and educational factors influencing under-achievement to be identified, and permits the effects resulting from under-achievement to be more objectively researched in new and helpful ways in the Caribbean and abroad. The chapter reports research with nine classes of Grade 9 students in Jamaica (N=321) that validates the basic assumptions of the concept. It also reports the empirical results using the concept that shows how teachers' attitudes contribute to underachievement in Jamaica and how chronic under-achievement socially and emotionally affects their students.....