View
Publication Type
Report
UWI Author(s)
Author, Analytic
Henningham, Helen; Walker, Susan P.; Powell, Christine A.; Grantham-McGregor, Sally M.
Author Role
n/a
Author Affiliation
Department of Educational Studies
Section Title
Temperament characteristics of undernourished and term low birth weight Jamaican children
Medium Designator
n/a
Connective Phrase
n/a
Author, Monographic
n/a
Author Role
n/a
Report Title
n/a
Reprint Status
n/a
Edition
n/a
Author, Subsidiary
n/a
Author Role
n/a
Place of Publication
n/a
Publisher Name
n/a
Date of Publication
2005
Report ID
n/a
Extent of Work
n/a
Packaging Method
n/a
Series Title
n/a
Series Volume ID
n/a
Series Issue ID
n/a
Connective Phrase
n/a
Location/URL
n/a
CODEN
n/a
Notes
14th Annual Conference and Workshop on Clinical Trials
Abstract
The objective of this research was to compare the temperament of children at nutritional risk with non-risk children and to determine if temperament predicts child development. Two case control studies were conducted. In study one, 139 undernourished children (WAZ_<-1.5z scores) and 71 adequately nourished children (WAZ >-1z scores) aged 9 and 30 months were recruited from 18 health centres in the parishes of Kingston, St. Andrew and St.Catherine. In study two, 131 term, low birth weight (LBW) (_>37 weeks, <2,500g) infants and 93 normal birth weight (NBW) (_>2,500g) infants, recruited from the main maternity hospital in Kingston, were compared at 15 months of age. Child temperament was measured through maternal questionnaire. Child development was measured for all children in study 2 and undernourished children in study 1. The temperament questionnaire consisted of seven subscales : activity, positive emotionality, negative emotionality, sociability fear, manageability and soothability. Factor analysis of subscale scores yielded two factors. Scores for each subscale were standardized and factor analysis of subscale scores computed to give an unmanageable (activity + negative emotianality - manageability - soothability) and an approach factor (positive emotionality + sociability - fear). There were no differences between undernourished and adequately nourished children or LBW and NBW children on either factor. The approach factor independently predicted child development quotient in both studies (study 1: B = 0.78, 95% confidence interval: .21, 1.35; study 2: B = 0.39, 95% CI: .02, .77). Undernutrition in utero or in early childhood was not associated with child temperament. Temperament in early childhood predicted child development.....
read more