Shepherd, Verene A.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of History and Archaeology
Belonging and unbelonging: The impact of migration on discourses of identity in Jamaican history
Journal of Caribbean History
Date of Publication
Revisits the social impact of the migration and settlement of different ethnicities in colonial Jamaica, manifested in interethnic interaction based on social 'ranking' on who was truly Jamaican. Specifically, the author pays attention to the tensions that developed between the 'Creole' Afro-Jamaicans and the Indians, in the 1940s and 1950s. She explains how these tensions related in part to the economic crisis and high unemployment in the period, fuelling job competition, and how some Afro-Jamaicans viewed themselves as more Creole, or Jamaican, than the Indians, who they saw as newcomers after slavery, and ranked their own Western-influenced culture above the Indian one. She points out that these conflicts did not arise until the mid-20th century, despite the Indian presence since 1845, because the Indians only then began to pose a real economic threat to Afro-Jamaicans. The author further describes how relations between African and Chinese Jamaicans also became more strained.....