Francis, Alfred A; Campbell, Kaycea T.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Econmics
A supply function for violent crime in Jamaica
Caribbean journal of criminology and social psychology
Date of Publication
Violent crime is a serious problem in the Jamaican society, and it is imperative that there be an economic perspective on criminal activities in the country. Estimates a supply function for violent crime in Jamaica. An economic model is used to estimate the relationship between recorded crime and a set of variables (gross domestic product (GDP), youth unemployment, size of the police force, imprisonment rate, cleared-up rate, length of sentence, and income distribution), which are classified into deterrent and motivational categories in the sense of having disincentive and incentive effects on criminal activities. Measures violent crime in terms of a weighted index of four categories of recorded violent offenses (murder, rape and carnal abuse, shooting, and robbery). Following the modified version of a Pudney type error correction model (2000), the authors find the following results: GDP and the size of the police force deter crime in the short run while the imprisonment rate deter crime in both periods. In the short run and long run, length of sentence motivates crime, while income distribution motivates violent crime only in the short run. Concludes that the cleared-up index deters crime in the short and long run. Discusses interpretations for these findings and the innovative methodology used to calculate the crime imprisonment and cleared-up indices.....