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Publication Type
Conference Proceedings
UWI Author(s)
Author, Analytic
Figueroa, Mark
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Author Affiliation
Department of Economics
Paper/Section Title
Jamaica's political garrisons as a context for gang activity
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Proceedings Title
Conference on Central American youth gangs domestic and imported characteristics and their transnational implications
Date of Meeting
May 28, 2004
Place of Meeting
Arlington, Virginia
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Notes
Also presented as 'Jamaica's Inner -City political Economy, a special case'? at the Caribbean City, December 1-3, 2004, Leiden University, The Netherlands.
Abstract
Jamaica’s inner city communities have registered extremely high homicide rates rising in the nineties to one of the highest in the world. The current situation is the result of a more or less steady growth in the number of persons killed each year over the last two decades. Unraveling these developments takes us beyond issues of drug crime, extortion and gang warfare. To understand the foundations for these developments we need to also understand the development of Jamaica’s political economy especially since it gained its independence in 1962. In particular we need to understand the peculiarly Jamaican phenomenon of garrison politics and how it laid the basis for a range of crimeogenic tendencies, which have fostered very high murder rates. This paper draws on a number of studies which have been completed aimed at giving some insight into aspects relating to the urban politics. It is proposed that one aspect of the solution to the problems discussed relates to the development of more detailed typologies of Jamaica’s inner cities based on the local characteristics that promote violence in each area.....
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