Oyelaran- Oyeyinka, Banji; Barclay, Lou Anne
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Management Studies
Human capital and systems of innovation in African development
Muchie, Mammo; Gammeltoft, Peter; Lundvall, Bengt-Ake
Putting Africa first: The making of African innovation systems
Place of Publication
Aalborg University Press
Date of Publication
Series Editor Role
Series Volume Identification
Series Issue Identification
Also published in African Development Review, 16: 1 (2004):115-138 (Refereed).
Proposes that historically generated institutions and persistent pattern of human capital formation condition the emergent systems of innovation in Africa. These factors determine the development path of the region. Advances the notion of dynamic and non-dynamic systems of innovation, the latter describing the African condition. Combines the strands of literature on institutions and their persistence in shaping development with evolutionary theory and systems of innovation. Presents evidence on the colonial origins of skewed schooling enrolment, at variance with the industrialisation objective of modern economies. Employing simple statistical tests, the persistence of initial human capital (school enrolment) reflects in the significant correaltion among the three levels of schooling enrolments, and correlation of enrolment in 1970 with per capita income in 2000, a periodicy of some three decades. This outcome is consistent with the literature on countries at early stages of development. Path-dependency is partially proved even though we did not attempt to investigate all variables making up the system of innovation. This is a first tentative attempt to explore long-run development in Africa within the systems of innovation framework.....