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Publication Type
Conference Proceedings
UWI Author(s)
Author, Analytic
Adams, Barbara U.; Uche, Chukwudum
Author Role
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Author Affiliation
Department of Sociology, Psychology and Social Work
Paper/Section Title
Determinant of fertility behaviour of Saramaka Maroons in Suriname
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Proceedings Title
99th Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association
Date of Meeting
August 14-17, 2004
Place of Meeting
San Francisco, California
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Date of Publication
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Date of Copyright
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Volume ID
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Series Title
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Series Volume ID
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Location/URL
http:; convention.allacademic.com/asa2004/view_paper_info.html?pub_id=2188&part_id1=22611
ISBN
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Notes
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Abstract
Focuses on the Saramaka Maroons in the four villages of Masiakriki, Malobi, Futunakaba and Poxigron along the Upper Suriname River area of the Republic of Suriname. Examines the fertility behaviour of the Maroons with the objective of identifying explanatory factors. Data collection is through a combination of questionnaires, focus group discussions and observations.The continuity of cultural beliefs and practices from Sub-Saharan Africa and the Bongaarts proximate determinants are used to analyze the data. The Maroon culture celebrates fertility and approves of polygyny. Current contraceptive use is minimal and prolonged breastfeeding is practiced. However, achieved fertility is low, mostly at replacement level. This situation is unexpected and may be due to infertility, conception delays and infrequent intercourse due to prolonged spousal separations, and problems identified by the respondents such as menstrual and uterine disorders and miscarriages. Family life and sex education programmes and programmes dealing with maternal health and nutrition are called for. Programmes geared to rural development may assist to keep males in their region and thereby contribute to stabilizing the family situation.....
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