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Publication Type
Journal Article
Author, Analytic
Heslop, O. D. ; Smikle, M. F. ; Deer, D. ; Christian, N. A. ; Vickers, I. E. ; Harvey, K. M. ; Figueroa, J. P. ; Christie, C. D. ; Bain, B. ; Barton, E. N.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
n/a
Article Title
Human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) subtypes in Jamaica
Medium Designator
n/a
Connective Phrase
n/a
Journal Title
West Indian Medical Journal
Translated Title
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Reprint Status
n/a
Date of Publication
2005
Volume ID
54
Issue ID
5
Page(s)
279-82
Language
eng
Connective Phrase
n/a
Location/URL
http:; caribbean.scielo.org/pdf/wimj/v54n5/v54n5a02.pdf
ISSN
0043-3144 (Print)
Notes
n/a
Abstract
The subtypes of 141 isolates of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) from Jamaica were determined by a combination of env and gag heteroduplex mobility analysis (HMA) genotyping. The majority of HIV-1 isolates were subtype B (131/141, 93.0%); one (0.8%) isolate each of subtypes C, D and E was found and 7 (4.9%) were indeterminate. These results and the failure of the sets of primers used to amplify some of the HIV-1 isolates provide strong evidence of genetic diversity of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Jamaica. Surveillance of the circulating HIV-1 genetic subtypes is a pre-requisite for developing regional vaccine strategies and understanding the transmission patterns of the virus. This is the first study of its kind in Jamaica and the findings complement data from other Caribbean countries. This work supports the view of colleagues from the French and Spanish-speaking Caribbean that an epidemiological network supported by regional laboratories will help track this epidemic accurately with positive outcomes for the public.....
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