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Publication Type
Journal Article
Author, Analytic
Lalor, G. C. ; Vutchkov, M. K. ; Bryan, S. T. ; Christie, C. D. ; Donaldson, D. ; Young, J. ; Chambers, S.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
n/a
Article Title
Acute lead poisoning associated with backyard lead smelting in Jamaica
Medium Designator
n/a
Connective Phrase
n/a
Journal Title
West Indian Medical Journal
Translated Title
n/a
Reprint Status
n/a
Date of Publication
2006
Volume ID
55
Issue ID
6
Page(s)
394-8
Language
eng
Connective Phrase
n/a
Location/URL
http:; caribbean.scielo.org/pdf/wimj/v55n6/a05v55n6.pdf
ISSN
0043-3144 (Print)
Notes
n/a
Abstract
Long-term backyard smelting of lead in a district known as Mona Commons, Kingston, Jamaica, has produced lead burdens as high as 30 000 mg/kg in soils near to the smelter, and indoor dust loadings of 373 microg/f2 in the residents' home. The blood lead levels (BPb) of 107 children from the district were in the range 2.2-202 microg/dL. Fifty-nine per cent of these had BPb levels above 10 microg/dL and the population mean was an unacceptably high 25.1 microg/dL. The highest levels were observed for five siblings, two of whom presented with lead encephalopathy. This severe chronic exposure to lead was exacerbated by a significant history of pica, and chronic nutritional anaemia. Chelation therapy significantly reduced the BPb levels but due to lead storage in other organs, the values after several months were still higher than desirable. This study emphasizes the importance of reducing the exposure of children to lead.....
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