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Publication Type
Conference Proceedings
UWI Author(s)
Author, Analytic
Bailey, Wilma; Ward, Elizabeth; Ashley, Deanna; Semple, Hugh; Jones, Nadine
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Paper/Section Title
Geographical information systems (GIS) and health
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Proceedings Title
Annual National Conference on Science and Technology: Science and Technology for Economic Growth and Development: Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual National Conference on Science and Technology
Date of Meeting
November 19-22, 2003
Place of Meeting
Kingston, Jamaica
Place of Publication
Kingston, Jamaica
Publisher Name
The Scientific Research Council
Date of Publication
2003
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Abstract
Researchers in the Department of Geography and Geology have been collecting data on the distribution of several health conditions in the Kingston Metropolitan Area (KMA) since the 1980s. In addition, PAHO has long been encouraging the Ministry of Health to use maps to portray variations in health status. An assessment of health risk can be based on evidence of higher than expected incidences and this requires the linking of exposure to the physical and socio-economic environment and health data.Although the identification of vulnerable areas was attempted in several research papers, the task was time consuming and the results unsatisfactory because of the inadequacies of the data at the required spatial scale and the lack of appropriate information tools. Graphic presentation of increases in obesity by Center for Disease Control (CDC) stimulated the interest of policy makers and created an awareness of the utility of geographically coded information. A GIS database for the KMA is nearing completion because of collaborative work spearheaded by the Ministry of Health and involving the Department of Geography and Geology, the PIOJ, and STATIN. In-patient records have already been used to identify injury prone areas in the KMA. This database will be shared with the police.However, many problems remain. There are gaps in primary survey data availability and problems with the specification of spatial units. There is also a need for more exact postal codes.....
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