Thomas-Hope, Elizabeth; Jardine-Comrie, Adonna
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Caribbean agriculture in the new global environment
No Island is an Island: The impact of globalization on the Commonwealth Caribbean
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The Caribbean is currently challenged with major decisions regarding the strategies to be employed to replace the earlier role of agriculture in the economy. The increasing integration of the world since the 1980s, the loss of Caribbean preferential markets in Europe since the beginning of the twenty-first century and decreasing commodity prices have provided such strong competition in the trade of agricultural goods that new directions have to be urgently explored. Some Caribbean countries have already shifted the emphasis to tourism as their major earner of foreign exchange; a few have mixed economies that include mineral production; but many states are still heavily dependent upon agriculture. For those states where agricultural exports remain important, farming continues to be the basis of rural livelihoods, survival strategies and food security for large sectors of society. The chapter examines the prospects for agriculture , especially the scope for non-traditional and niche products including possible links to the tourist trade.....