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Publication Type
Conference Proceedings
Author, Analytic
Meeks Gardner, Julie; Powell, Christine; Lewis, Yewande; Thomas,Joan
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Interventions to Reduce Aggression among Young children: A Pilot Study
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Proceedings Title
Promoting Child Rights Through Research : Caribbean Child Research Conference
Date of Meeting
October 23-24, 2007
Place of Meeting
Jamaica Conference Center, Kingston, Jamaica
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Abstract
This study was designed to pilot interventions aimed at improving parental practices and teacher classroom management in an effort to improve child behaviour, with a long term goal to reduce violence. Four primary schools in Kingston, Jamaica were randomly assigned to receive a parent training programme (parent), a teacher training programme (teacher), a combined intervention with both the components (both) or neither intervention (control). Aggressive children in grades 1 and 2 were teacher-nominated and consent for participation sought from their parents. Workshops were arranged with teachers from grades 1, 2 and 3 The interventions were based on the Incredible Years programmes. For parents/caregivers these comprised 12 weekly 2 to 2 ˝ hour workshops on contingency management programs, effective non-physical discipline, supervisory and monitoring skills, and non-physical strategies for dealing with intra-family conflicts. For teachers, 15 hours of workshops covered child management, behaviour problems and self esteem, communication with caregivers, conflict resolution, and other school programmes. 47 teachers and 122 child/caretaker pairs completed the study. Children in the groups receiving the parent intervention, or both interventions improved in their emotional difficulties, those receiving both interventions also improved their arithmetic scores, while those in the teacher intervention group improved their spelling score. The children’s attitude to school also improved with either intervention or both interventions. These were small, but important differences which might have an impact on the children’s school career.....
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