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Publication Type
Conference Proceedings
Author, Analytic
Crawford-Brown, Claudette
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Paper/Section Title
Art as an Assessment Tool for Caribbean Children exposed to Violence
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Proceedings Title
Promoting Child Rights Through Research : Caribbean Child Research Conference
Date of Meeting
October 23-24, 2007
Place of Meeting
Jamaica Conference Center, Kingston, Jamaica
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Abstract
This paper is a description of a measurement tool developed by the researcher out of a project designed to evaluate the effectiveness of the use of art as an intervention tool for working with children exposed to violence, as victims and as perpetrators. The illustrations used were chosen from over 400 drawings done by children between the ages of 4 and 16 years old in Jamaica and Trinidad, who received therapeutic interventions for being exposed to violence in its different forms. The measurement tool categorized the types of violence based on specific criteria. These criteria were then used to develop a simple pen and paper instrument that can be used by professionals such as guidance counsellors, social workers and community worker to make a preliminary assessment regarding those children who may need referral for specialized treatment. It was determined that of a group of 115 children drawn from two primary schools in violent prone communities of Kingston Jamaica between 2003 to 2005 , 80% of them had witnessed five to eight murders, 10% had witnessed nine or more murders, while another 10% had witnessed fewer than four murders. The researcher sought to examine the children's reactions to determine whether these children were showing possible adaptive responses to trauma which may not have been detected by the indicators used in the standardized DSM IV definitions. This was done by using a number of assessment instruments including the use of art and narratives from the children themselves. The measurement tool developed for assessing the drawings, used criteria which included the bizarre nature of the content, the use of space, and the use of colour among other variables.....
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