McFarlane, Michael E.C
Author Affiliation, Ana.
New advances in the surgical management of colorectal cancer
Date of Publication
Significant progress has been made in recent years in the surgical treatment of rectal cancer. Routine bowel preparation is now thought to be unnecessary for most colorectal procedures. Total mesorectal excision of rectal cancers is considered in most centres to be the defining surgical procedure. Spincter preservation rates following surgery for rectal cancer have improved. Surgical stenting for obstructing tumors has been shown to be a very successful alternative to emergency surgery, and can be a suitable method of treatment in patients unfit for surgery. Advances in laparoscopic surgery now allow most colorectal procedures to be performed by this minimally invasive approach, with it's associated benefits. Sentinel node mapping is emerging as a feasible approach in colorectal surgery. Positron emission tomography scans have been shown to be an effective method of evaluating patients with suspected metastatic colorectal disease. One of the most exciting recent advances in colorectal surgery is robotic surgery, with the potential of telesurgery being performed by personnel in different locations.....