Goedert, J.J; Li, H.C; Gao, X.J; Chatterjee, N; Sonoda, S; Biggar, R.J; Cranston, B; Kim, N; Carrington, M; Morgan, O; Hanchard, B; Hisada, M
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Risk of human T-lymphotropic virus type I-associated diseases in Jamaica with common HLA types.
International Journal of Cancer
Date of Publication
Human T-lymphotropic virus-I (HTLV-I) causes adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) and HTLV-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). We postulated a higher disease risk for people with common human leukocyte antigen (HLA) types, due to a narrower immune response against viral or neoplastic antigens, compared to people with uncommon types. HLA class-I (A,B) and class-II (DRB1, DQB1) allele and haplotype frequencies in 56 ATL patients, 59 HAM/TSP patients and 190 population-based, asymptomatic HTLV-I-infected carriers were compared by logistic regression overall (score test) and with odds ratios (ORs) for common types (prevalence >50% of asymptomatic carriers) and by prevalence quartile. HTLV-I proviral load between asymptomatic carriers with common versus uncommon types was compared by t-test. ATL differed from asymptomatic carriers in overall DQB1 allele and class-I haplotype frequencies (p == 0.04). ATL risk was increased significantly with common HLA-B (OR 2.25, 95% CI 1.19-4.25) and DRB1 (OR 2.11, 95% CI 1.13-3.40) alleles. Higher prevalence HLA-B alleles were associated with higher ATL risk (OR 1.14 per quartile, p(trend) = 0.02). Asymptomatic carriers with common HLA-B alleles had marginally higher HTLV-I proviral load (p = 0.057). HAM/TSP risk did not differ consistently with common HLA types. Thus, ATL risk, but not HAM/TSP risk, was increased with higher prevalence HLA-B alleles. Perhaps breadth of cellular immunity affects risk of this viral leukemia/lymphoma.....