Clarke, Mary; Henry-Lee, Aldrie
Author Affiliation, Ana.
The 'total' character of incarceration in Jamaica
Date of Publication
The term total institution was developed by Goffman in 1968. In a ‘total institution’ all aspects of life (work, play, sleep) are carried out in one place. Departure is inhibited by the presence of locked doors, high walls, barbed wire, water, forests, etc. This paper examines the extent to which Goffman’s theory is applicable to the discussion on the processing, incarceration and release of persons in Jamaica. When one becomes an inmate, physical and social barriers are erected that impede normal social intercourse with the rest of society. The total character of the institutionalization affects inmates as well as warders.The paper concludes that in some aspects, even after release the inmates are still a part of the total institution that characterizes incarceration in Jamaica.....