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Publication Type
Book Chapter
UWI Author(s)
Author, Analytic
Hanchard, Barrie
Author Affiliation, Ana.
n/a
Title, Analytic
Cancers: The changing patterns
Medium Designator
n/a
Connective Phrase
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Author, Monographic
Morgan, Owen
Author Role
Editor
Title, Monographic
Health Issues in the Caribbean
Reprint Status
n/a
Edition
n/a
Place of Publication
KIngston, Jamaica
Publisher Name
Ian Randle
Date of Publication
2005
Volume ID
n/a
Issue ID
n/a
Page(s)
131-40
Series Editor
n/a
Series Editor Role
n/a
Series Title
n/a
Series Volume Identification
n/a
Series Issue Identification
n/a
Connective Phrase
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Location/URL
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Notes
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Abstract
Data from the Jamaica Cancer Registry show that there has been little change in the overall incidence or in the common sites for cancers in males and females over the 25 year period 1973-97. There was a marked increase in the age-standardized incidence rate (ASR) for prostate cancer and a similar increase in the ASR for in-situ cancers of the cervix uteri, less so for cancers of the lung in males but the ASR for breast cancer remained fairly stable. Invasive cancer of the cervix uteri showed a downward trend as did cancers of the oesophagus and stomach in males and females. There was a slight upward trend for cancers of the colon in both males and females. The results indicate that while screening programmes for prostate cancer have proven successful in terms of the increased registration of cases, those for cancers of the cervix uteri and for the breast have been marginally successful. The increase in the ASR for in-situ cancers of the cervix uteri indicates that screening programmes are being utilized but the expected decrease in invasive cancers of the cervix uteri has not been documented, suggesting that large numbers of those at risk are not being screened. It is expected that ASR for cancers of the lung will fall as programmes encouraging the cessation of smoking take effect.....
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