View
Publication Type
Conference Proceedings
Author, Analytic
Lipps,Garth; Lowe, Gillian A.; Gibson, Roger C.; Halliday, S.; Morris, A.; Clarke, N.; Wilson, R.
Author Role
n/a
Author Affiliation
n/a
Paper/Section Title
Parenting Practices and Depression among Adolescents in Four Caribbean Countries.
Medium Designator
n/a
Connective Phrase
n/a
Editor/Compiler
n/a
Editor/Compiler Role
n/a
Proceedings Title
23rd Nursing and Midwifery Research Conference
Date of Meeting
May 30, 2013
Place of Meeting
University of the West Indies, Mona
Place of Publication
n/a
Publisher Name
n/a
Date of Publication
n/a
Date of Copyright
n/a
Volume ID
n/a
Location in Work
n/a
Extent of Work
15 slides
Packaging Method
n/a
Series Editor
n/a
Series Editor Role
n/a
Series Title
n/a
Series Volume ID
n/a
Location/URL
n/a
ISBN
n/a
Notes
n/a
Abstract
Objective: This project examines the association of parenting styles to levels of depressive symptoms among adolescents in Jamaica, the Bahamas, St. Kitts and Nevis, and St. Vincent. Methods: Adolescents attending grade ten of academic year 2006/2007 in Jamaica, the Bahamas, St. Vincent, and St. Kitts and Nevis were administered the Parenting Practices Scale along with the Beck Depression Inventory-II. Authoritative, Authoritarian, Permissive and Neglectful parenting styles were created using a median split procedure of the monitoring and nurturance subscales of the Parenting Practices Scale. Multiple regression analyses were used to examine the relationships of parenting styles to depressive symptoms. Results: A wide cross-section of tenth grade students in each nation was sampled (n = 1955; 278 from Jamaica, 217 from the Bahamas, 737 St. Kitts & Nevis, 716 from St. Vincent; 52.1% females, 45.6% males and 2.3% no gender reported; age 12 to 19 years, mean = 15.3 yrs, sd = 0.95 yr). According to the adolescents, their parents used a mixture of different parenting styles with the two most popular styles being authoritative (33%) and neglectful parenting (28%), followed by authoritarian (20%) and permissive (19%) parenting. Nearly half (52.1%)of all adolescents reported mild to severe symptoms of depression with 29.1% reporting moderate to severe symptoms of depression. In general, authoritative and permissive parenting styles were both associated with lower levels of depressive symptoms in adolescents. However, the relationship of parenting styles to depression scores was not consistent across countries (p < .05). Jamaican adolescents whose parents used either an authoritarian parenting style (2.21x) or a neglectful parenting style (4.21x) reported significantly higher depressive symptoms than their peers in other countries whose parents used the same parenting strategies (The Bahamas 1.17&0.17x-Authoritarian & Neglectful; St. Kitts 3.16&7.19x-Authoritarian & Neglectful; St. Vincent 4.18&5.17x-Authoritarian & Neglectful). Further, adolescents in St. Kitts and Nevis whose parents used either an authoritative (9.11x) or a permissive (4.11x) parenting style reported the lowest levels of depressive symptoms.Conclusion: There appears to be an association between parenting styles and depressive symptoms that is differentially manifested across the islands of Jamaica, the Bahamas, St. Kitts & Nevis and St. Vincent. Health care interventions to improve parenting practices and to prevent depression among adolescents are urgently needed.....
read more