Buddo, D. St. A.; Steele, R.; Webber, M. K.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Public health risks posed by the invasive Indo-Pacific green mussel, Perna viridis (Linnaeus, 1758) in Kingston Harbour, Jamaica.
Date of Publication
The control strategies for any marine invasive species that is edible may include their use as food for human consumption. The potential and realized use of the invasive Indo-Pacific green mussel, Perna viridis (Linnaeus, 1758) for food in Jamaica, from wild populations in Kingston Harbour, underscored the importance of investigating the potential public health risks to consumers from mussels fished from different areas of Kingston Harbour. Levels of bacterial coliforms and heavy metals were examined during this investigation due to the nature of pollutants already documented in Kingston Harbour. Bacterial coliforms showed high levels (15 – >16,000 MPN/100mL) at five stations during the investigation, with the highest values at the station located adjacent to the Hunts Bay Power station (HBPS). Heavy metals, especially chromium and cadmium were also high (43.3–70.3 mg/kg (chromium) and 17–60 mg/kg (cadmium)), with highest value at the station GC (Goodbody’s Channel) for chromium and Station DT(Kingston Waterfront) for cadmium. The risks to public health through consumption of these green mussels, Perna viridis from Kingston Harbour are significant. If consumption of wild populations from Kingston Harbour is to be promoted to reduce the population number of this invasive species, then depuration of the mussels prior to consumption should be carried out.....