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Publication Type
Report
Author, Analytic
Gayle, Herbert
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Author, Monographic
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Report Title
Male Social Participation in Urban Belize: An Examination of Young Males’ Experience with Gun, Gold, Gang, God and Governance
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Author, Subsidiary
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Date of Publication
October 2010
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Location/URL
http:; dbzchild.org/uploads/docs/complete_pgmale_social_participation_and_violence_in_urban_belize_grand.pdf
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Notes
400 pages
Abstract
Using a cocktail of traditional quantitative and qualitative with.newly constructed integrated methodologies, a team of 11 persons (assisted by secondary researchers) carried out a comprehensive study of male social participation in Belize, with a focus on social violence. Over 2000 persons were interviewed with the core or focus being young males ranging from age 6 to 34 years, with females as a comparative point, and mature adults comprising of service providers as points of triangulation. As soon as researchers initiated.a discussion with youth on their lives they would begin to lament about the bad relationship they have with the police. However, the study found that the police are but the face of the state and a hostile social system and therefore it is the entire human ecology in which these youth participate and attempt to survive that must be addressed. Core among the human ecological. or environmental problems are.vulnerable resource poor families, social isolation, social neglect, lack.of educational opportunities, stigma and prejudice against communities, and a nightmare of social boundaries, including political tribalism and gang turfs. The study found that these social boundaries helped to create what is termed as a social organization of violence as they become people’s frame of social identity and become passed on within family frames. The study also found that most urban youth, especially of Belize City, have been exposed to very graphic violence, ranging from extreme domestic violence to seeing persons shot, stabbed or beaten to death. The tremendously positive findings are that while families are large in size, their composition allows. for greater stability.than that of many. Caribbean states; and that gang war in Belize City is not well organized and can be fractured to effect reduction in murders within short to medium time frames. The study suggests that in order to reduce violence Belize must immediately embark on a programme of social intervention driven by cold sterile facts.....
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