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Publication Type
Journal Article
Author, Analytic
Emanuel, M.A.; Benkeblia, N.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
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Article Title
Adding value to tropical fruits the case of the Jamaican ackee industry: Lessons for policy and practice. Knowledge for Development
Medium Designator
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Connective Phrase
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Journal Title
Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA)
Translated Title
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Reprint Status
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Date of Publication
2012
Volume ID
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Issue ID
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Page(s)
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Language
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Connective Phrase
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Location/URL
http:; knowledge.cta.int/Dossiers/S-T-Issues/Innovations-in-tropical-food-processing/Feature-articles/Adding-Value-to-Tropical-Fruits-The-Case-of-the-Jamaican-Ackee-Industry-Lessons-for-Policy-and-Practice
ISSN
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Notes
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Abstract
In this article, the authors demonstrate the challenges faced in developing the Jamaican ackee(Blighia sapida K.D. Koenig) industry. Ackee is well accepted by Jamaicans but not well knownin many other countries; it has the potential to contribute to the growth of the Jamaican economyif the industry can increase its penetration of international export markets. However, the ackee contains a toxic compound, hypoglycin A, which poses a challenge inmeeting food safety requirements. There are also other challenges hindering industrydevelopment including availability of suitable processing variety in adequate quantities. Researchand technology development have supported industry development but challenges remain. In 1972, the US Food and Drug Administration effectively banned the imports of ackee from Jamaica. An upper limit of 100mg/kg of hypoglycin A was set. In 1990 an accurate detection procedure was developed, allowing importation of testedproduce into the USA to begin again. Nevertheless, in 2005, the exportation of ackee to the US market was again suspendedfor almost one year for technical reasons. Presently, only certified agro-processors with food safety controls in place can export canned ackee that will not beautomatically detained. Further growth of the industry needs a concerted effort of scientists, engineers, policymakers, investorsand entrepreneurs including farmers to support this export-oriented industry which remains heavily dependent on maintainingthe confidence of the overseas consumers. Tropical fruit industry expansion in ACP countries does not rely only oncoordinating and improving production and logistics efficiencies but requires a systems approach.....
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Keywords
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