Chambers, Bentley B; Luke, Amy; Forrester, Terrence G; Rattray, Vaughn R; Badal, Simone A
Author Affiliation, Ana.
The Need for Improved BPA Testing and Awareness among Stakeholders in Underdeveloped Countries: A Jamaican Pilot Study
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences
Date of Publication
Despite the global rise in concern of the harmful effect of Bisphenol A (BPA), the lack of implementation for: screening analysis, future strategies for reduced concentration and education of the general populous in selected countries is alarming. Many developed countries including the USA, Canada and Europe through various organizations: United States Environmental and Protection Agency, World Health Organization and Joint Food and Agriculture organization are actively implementing policies to address this growing concern. While, underdeveloped countries like Jamaica is still behind in such awareness much less policy implementation. This research reports for the first time, quantitative and qualitative analysis of BPA, achieved through a cross-sectional analytical study of treatment plants and bottled water and interviews with relevant stakeholder srespectively. BPA s detection in all the brands of bottled water sampled using LC-MS, ranged between 12.9 56.7 ng/ L while ranges for the raw and untreated were 4.86 21.60 ng/ L and treated, 6.86 14.84 ng/ L on the date of sampling. Ninety percent of the stakeholders were unaware of BPA and its effects and currently had no plans for future testing. These data indicate the need for policy implementation of BPA s awareness, minimization and alternate uses among the Jamaican populous.....