Author Affiliation, Ana.
From Plantations to Services: A Historical and Theoretical Assessment of the Transition from Agrarian to Service- Based Industries in the Caribbean
Beckford, Clinton; Rhiney, Kevon
Globalization, Agriculture and Food in the Caribbean: Climate Change, Gender and Geography
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Despite many attempts by Caribbean governments to resuscitate the industry, agriculture has declined in economic importance over the years (Potter et al. 2004). The 1970s and 1980s saw the region-wide promotion of manufacturing industries epitomized by the preponderance of free trade zones and apparel export industries (Potter et al. 2004). In recent decades, service-based industries, particularly tourism, have dominated regional economies (Mullings 2004; Nurse 2007)—and as some would argue—at the expense of traditional industries such as agriculture (Pattullo 2005). The tourism industry has been criticized for its high import content and limited integration in local economies. This is ironic since, from the onset, the promotion of tourism development throughout the Caribbean was largely premised for its potential to stimulate other local industries (particularly agriculture) through its anticipated multiplier effects and market linkages......