Birthwright, Anne-Teresa; Barker, David
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Double exposure and coffee farming: A case study of the vulnerability and livelihood experiences among small farmers in Frankfield, Jamaica
Date of Publication
Coffee is a vital export commodity and is extremely important to the Jamaican agricultural sector, being one of the largest earners of foreign exchange. The paper is framed in the context of double exposure, and the fortunes of Blue Mountain coffee are briefly contrasted to non-Blue Mountain coffee. The research employs a sequential explanatory mixed-method design to assess the vulnerability and livelihood experiences of smallholder non-Blue Mountain coffee farmers in the Frankfield area of Jamaica to the impacts of global change. A detailed quantitative survey of 75 coffee farmers is combined with focus group discussions in five districts within the Frankfield community in the parish of Clarendon. A Livelihood Vulnerability Index is used to quantify vulnerability through analyzing the five major types of livelihood capital, in relation to the six major components of the index. The results indicate that factors such as climate variability and available finances played a major role in the decision-making process regarding whether to abandon or remain in coffee production, which suggests that enabling conditions within the industry are not conducive to the future of non-Blue Mountain coffee in the area.....